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Surgery Department


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Surgery Department

Surgeons are doctors and nurses who work together to ensure that all the process will be done smoothly during surgery.

The surgeons are the one who is the leading member of any team. They have to complete a 4 to 5 years degree. They also have to clear the national surgical board exam. 

A surgeon can remove disease in the human body and help treat diseased replace organs with transplants. Surgeons can be general and specific, as well.

What does Surgeon do?

Surgeons operate in the end if illness, injury or disease and can perform any surgical procedures on the body. Sometimes surgeries are conducted to correct problems in the body and try to find the cause of internal bleeding.

Surgeons are in charge and conduct specific procedures and also to manage the specific surgery process. They take care of all the surgical technicians and maintain all the standards, care, and safety followed during operating rooms.

Surgeons are responsible for performing the minimally invasive and complicated procedure, which last a few minutes and sometimes a few hours. During surgery, the human being is at risk. That is why surgeons will have to prepare for all types of emergencies and handle lifesaving initiative at any time during operation.

Surgical procedures are typically categorized by urgency, and it also depends on the type of procedure and body system and degree of invasiveness.

Different procedures vary from different types of surgery. Elective surgery is related to those surgeries that do not require non-life-threatening conditions in which surgeons recommend time before the surgery according to their availability. 

Semi electric surgery is to avoid permanent disability or death. 

Surgeons usually conduct emergency surgery to save life, limb or functional capacity. 

Exploratory surgery deals with a previously diagnosed. 

Therapeutic surgery deals with a previously diagnosed condition.

Cosmetic surgery deal with the surgery conduct to improve the appearance to the standard structure 

What Does the workplace of a surgeon look like?

The workplace of a surgeon is primarily the operating room. However, it is easy to meet surgeons at an office setting or in a hospital room. They have to stand on their feet for many hours. They mostly perform surgeries in the morning and do rounds in the afternoon and evening to check on patients.

In Emergency surgery, they often call on scheduled days off. The job of surgeons is challenging and demanding as well because they have very little personal time. Surgeons often forge their personal life to meet and perform their responsibilities. 

What are the different areas surgeons are specialized in?

Surgeons choose to specialize in different areas of medicine and perform surgery explicitly related to that area.

There are different types of surgeons:

General Surgeon:

General surgeons are those who possess knowledge and understanding about anatomy, post-operative care and surgical procedure. The procedure used by doctors varies from patients to patient and as per the patient's surgery needs. They often work in trauma or critical care units to perform emergency surgical procedures.

Cardiothoracic Surgeon:

Cardiothoracic surgeons are specialized in performing surgeries related to heart, lungs, oesophagus and other organs. These surgeons are sometimes called cardiovascular surgeons.


These surgeons are specialized in dealing with surgery related to the central and peripheral nervous system. They are specialized diseases and conditions that affect the brain and spine and cure some common conditions such as stroke and other degenerative conditions and infections.

Obstetric and Gynecological surgeons:

Obstetric and Gynecological surgeons specialise in dealing with issues that women experience during pregnancies and deal with other health issues related to infertility. The help of surgeons is required.

Oral and Maxillofacial surgeons:

Oral and Maxillofacial surgeons are dealt with dentists related issues. They perform surgeries related to the mouth, jaws in which wisdom tooth extractions, reconstructive surgery and dental implants.

Ophthalmic Surgeon:

Ophthalmic surgeons deal with issues related to eyes. They deal with procedures related to removing cataracts, repairing detached retinas and reshaping corneas. They also work to deal and to sure issues related to glaucoma and also perform laser surgery.

Oculoplastic surgeons:

These surgeons perform procedures involving eye socket, eyelids, tear ducts and face near the eyes. They deal with a different range of treatments from medically necessary reconstructive surgery to cosmetic procedures on the eyelids.

Pediatric Surgeon: 

Pediatric surgeons are specialized in dealing with issues related to children. They deal with an issue related to a range of ages from infants to teens. These surgeons are useful in dealing with communicating with young patients.

Plastic Surgeon:

Plastic surgeons deal with surgeries related to skin and musculoskeletal structure of the body. They are specialized in the transplantation of tissues from one area into another area of the body. They perform both medical and cosmetic treatments.

Colon and rectal surgeons:

Colon surgery deals with health issues related to the colon, rectum and intestinal system. They also deal with an issue related to polyps and cancerous tissue and deal with inflammatory bowel diseases.

Orthopaedic surgeons:

Orthopaedic surgeons deal with the musculoskeletal system, such as treatment-related to muscle, joints, bones, arteries, and skin. After being trained in orthopaedic surgery's general study, many surgeons get spectated degrees in other related fields of orthopaedic surgeons such as spinal and sports medicine.

Trauma surgeon:

Trauma Surgeons dealing with issues related to injured patients are rushed into the emergency room. These physicians are prepared for several types of surgery, depending on the condition of patients. These surgeons are trained to work under the most circumstances to save lives when life and death hang in the balance.

Urological Surgeon:

Urological surgeons deal with the male genitourinary and female urinary system. They offer procedures related to kidney stones and cancers. These surgeons also deal with kidney, bladder, prostate and adrenal gland issues.

Vascular surgeons:

Vascular surgeons deal with conditions related to veins and arteries. Surgical procedures could be provided for aneurysms, blood clots or hardening of the arteries.

Bariatric surgeons:

Bariatric surgeons deal with issues related to obesity. These surgeons perform different types of surgery related to bypass, sleeve gastrectomy and adjustable gastric bands. This surgery limited the food intake that the stomach can hold.

Podiatric surgeons:

These types of surgeons deal with issues related to feet and ankles. They deal with a condition related to bunions, injuries and pain in the feet and ankles.

Transplant surgeons:

Transplant surgeons deal with transplanting of an organ from one patient into another patient. It is related to a particular type of Surgeon. This process is so critical that most transplant surgeons specialize in the transplantation of specific organs. Some of the most transplanting organs are kidney. Livers. Hearts and lungs.

Endocrine Surgeon:

These surgeons deal with procedures to treat disorders related to endocrine glands, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands and adrenal glands. They treat patients who are suffering from the neuroendocrine system.

Call for an appointment:

MTH clinics offer all these surgeries. Call at MTH for an appointment.

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